Monday OT: Sept 28 - International Day for Universal Access to Information
Sweetmorn, Bureaucracy 52, 3186 YOLD (Discordian)
And let us not forget 220.127.116.11.18 mlc (the Mayan Long Count)
information - Public Domain
"Information wants to be free" - Stewart Brand
The truth shall set you free - trad.
On September 28, 1542, Juan Cabrillo arrived in what is now known as San Diego (California) and misnamed it San Miguel. It's an easy mistake to make out here, where the map is simply littered with places named San This and Santa That, not to mention El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula.. So, I'll just hand this off to Wikipedia here ...
On September 28, he landed in what is now San Diego Bay and named it "San Miguel". A little over a week later he reached Santa Catalina Island (October 7), which he named "San Salvador", after his flagship. On sending a boat to the island "a great crowd of armed Indians appeared" — whom, however, they later "befriended". Nearby San Clemente Island was named "Victoria", in honor of the third ship of the fleet. The next morning, October 8, Cabrillo came to San Pedro Bay, which was named "Baya de los Fumos" (English: Smoke Bay). The following day they anchored overnight in Santa Monica Bay. Going up the coast Cabrillo saw Anacapa Island, which they learned from the Indians was uninhabited.
The fleet spent the next week in the islands, mostly anchored in Cuyler Harbor, a bay on the northeastern coast of San Miguel Island. On October 18 the expedition saw Point Conception, which they named "Cabo de Galera". Cabrillo's expedition recorded the names of numerous Chumash villages on the California coast and adjacent islands in October 1542 — then located in the two warring provinces of Xexo (ruled by an "old woman", now Santa Barbara County, California) and Xucu (now Ventura County, California).
On November 13 they sighted and named "Cabo de Piños" (possibly either Point Pinos or Point Reyes), but missed the entrance to San Francisco Bay, a lapse that mariners would repeat for the next two centuries and more, most likely because its entrance is frequently shrouded by fog. The expedition may have reached as far north as the Russian River or even the Columbia before autumn storms forced them to turn back. Because of the vagueness of his description, it is uncertain which northern river the expedition sighted. Coming back down the coast, Cabrillo entered Monterey Bay, naming it "Bahia de Los Piños".
On November 23, 1542, the little fleet arrived back in "San Salvador" (Santa Catalina Island) to overwinter and make repairs. There, around Christmas Eve, Cabrillo stepped out of his boat and splintered his shin when he stumbled onto a jagged rock while trying to rescue some of his men from attacking Tongva warriors. The injury became infected and developed gangrene, and he died on January 3, 1543 and was buried. A possible headstone was later found on San Miguel Island. His second-in-command brought the remainder of the party back to Navidad, where they arrived April 14, 1543.
I'm sorry, but that is ludicrous From San Diego to Santa Catalina is about 86 miles and it took a bit over a week. 25 miles further to San Pedro, a day. 23 more miles to Santa Monica, another day. 25 days to go from Point Conception to maybe Point Reyes (Drakes Bay, heh, snort) 351 miles. Next they travel an unknown distance north, make a U-turn and get back to Santa Catalina in 10 days. So how much further did they go north, given that it took them 36 days to go roughly 500 miles from Santa Catalina to Point Reyes?
a) They went 90 miles further north to the Russian River, and made a 600 mile return journey, for a total distance of around 700 miles. In 10 days.
b) They went about 830 miles further north to the Columbia River and made a 1,330 mile return journey for a total distance of around 2,160 miles. In 10 days. In winter. Off the Northern California and Oregon coasts. In winter. By sail. With tons of rain, high winds and a dangerous and rocky uncharted lee shore everywhere along the route. In 1542. In 10 days. In winter.
HOW THE HOLY HELL IS THIS REMOTELY CONFUSING TO ANYBODY?
Excuse me, sorry.
On this day in history:
1066 – William the Bastard landed in England
1238 – King James I of Aragon conquered Valencia from the Moors.
1542 – Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrived at what is now San Diego, California.
1779 – Samuel Huntington was elected President of the Continental Congress
1781 – Colonial forces backed by a French fleet began the siege of Yorktown (It's tricky besieging a chunk of the coast without a fleet)
1787 – The Congress of the Confederation voted to send the newly-written United States Constitution to the state legislatures for approval.
1821 – The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was drafted
1871 – The Brazilian Parliament passed a law that freed all children thereafter born to slaves, and all government-owned slaves.
1889 – The General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defined the length of a meter. (It was a meter, that was easy peasy)
1919 – Race riots began in Omaha, Nebraska.
1924 – The first aerial circumnavigation was completed by a team from the US Army.
1928 – Alexander Fleming noticed a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
1941 – Ted Williams had a .406 batting average for the season, and becomes the last major league baseball player to bat .400 or better.
1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ended the United Arab Republic
1970 – Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser died of a heart attack in Cairo.
1971 – The Parliament of the UK passed the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
1973 – The ITT Building in New York City was bombed in protest over ITT's involvement in the coup d'état in Chile.
1995 – Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat signed the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
2008 – Falcon 1 became the first privately developed liquid-fuel ground-launched vehicle to put a payload into orbit.
2009 – The military junta leading Guinea attacked a protest rally, killing or wounding 1400 people.
Born this day in:
Wheresoever you go, go with all your heart.
Everything has its beauty, but not everyone sees it.
He who conquers himself is the mightiest warrior.
Study the past if you would define the future.
551 BC – Confucius, teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher
1573 – Théodore de Mayerne, physician
1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, astronomer and mathematician
1746 – William Jones, philologist and scholar
1803 – Prosper Mérimée, Farchaeologist, historian, and author
1809 – Alvan Wentworth Chapman, physician and botanist
1836 – Thomas Crapper, plumber, invented the ballcock
1852 – Henri Moissan, chemist and academic
1852 – Isis Pogson, astronomer and meteorologist
1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, author and educator
1860 – Paul Ulrich Villard, chemist and physicist
1868 – Evelyn Beatrice Hall, writer best known for her biography of Voltaire,
1890 – Florence Violet McKenzie, electrical engineer
1892 – Elmer Rice, playwright
1893 – Hilda Geiringer, mathematician
1900 – Isabel Pell, socialite Resistance fighter
1907 – Bhagat Singh, activist
1923 – Tuli Kupferberg, singer, poet, and writer
1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, actor and singer
1925 – Seymour Cray, computer scientist
1925 – Martin David Kruskal, physicist and mathematician
1928 – Koko Taylor, singer
1930 – Tommy Collins, country music singer and songwriter
1932 – Víctor Jara, singer, songwriter, poet, and director
1933 – Johnny Mathis, singer and songwriter
1936 – Emmett Chapman, guitarist, invented the Chapman Stick
1937 – Glenn Sutton, country music songwriter and record producer
1938 – Ben E. King, singer, songwriter .and producer
1942 – Edward "Little Buster" Forehand, singer, songwriter, and guitarist
1947 – Rhonda Hughes, mathematician and academic
1950 – Paul Burgess, drummer
1951 – Jim Diamond, singer, songwriter, and musician
1952 – Andy Ward, drummer
1954 – George Lynch, guitarist and songwriter
1955 – Kenny Kirkland, pianist
1960 – Jennifer Rush, singer and songwriter
1967 – Moon Zappa, singer, actress, zappa, and author
1968 – Trish Keenan, singer, songwriter, and guitarist
1968 – Sean Levert, R&B singer, songwriter, and actor
1969 – Éric Lapointe, singer, songwriter, and keyboard player
1971 – Joseph Arthur, singer, songwriter, and guitarist
Died this day in:
“While there is a lower class I am of it, while there is a criminal class I am of it, while there is a soul in prison I am not free.”
1891 – Herman Melville, author and poet
1895 – Louis Pasteur, chemist and microbiologist
1899 – Giovanni Segantini, painter
1938 – Charles Duryea, engineer and businessman
1953 – Edwin Hubble, astronomer and scholar
1964 – Harpo Marx, comedian, actor, and singer
1966 – André Breton, author and poet
1970 – John Dos Passos, novelist, poet, essayist, and playwright
1991 – Miles Davis, trumpet player, composer, and bandleader
1993 – Peter De Vries, editor and novelist
2013 – George Amon Webster, singer and pianist
2019 – José José, singer, guitarist, and bassist
Holidays, Holy Days, Festivals, Feast Days, Days of Recognition, and such:
Freedom from Hunger Day
International Day for Universal Access to Information
World Rabies Day
Music goes here, iirc, well, With apologies
Ben E. King
Image is public domain
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