Open Thread Friday 5-22-2020
A Look at China Part Five
I came across this passage yesterday while reading a book on the Southern United States discussing the aftermath of the Yamassee War (1715—1718).
"In the meantime. the British authorities began political steps to prevent the rise of any future tribal confederacies that might threaten their trading empire. In essence the English determined to follow the old rule of divide and conquer. They would forment discord among tribes by pitting Indian against Indian. Inparticular the Carolinians would sustain a Creek-Cherokee feud. "This makes the matter of great weight to us,' explained on colonist, "how to hold both as our friends, and assist them in cutting one another's throats. This is the game we intend to play."
Tribes of the Southern Woodlands
Three great powers of Europe England, France and Spain were carving up North America and the American Indian tribes. Our founding fathers grabbed the prize from the Europeans. The next century Western powers moved onto China.
Some of the key individuals pushing China into the Western centered world.
Empress Dowager Cixi
Deliberate efforts were made to understand the West and incorporate western ideas during the years Empress Dowager Cixi and Empress Zhen co-ruled China. Americans and Englishmen were employed in key positions. Anson Burlingame appointed the US Minister to Beijing by President Lincoln became China's Ambassador to Europe and America.
Efforts were being made at the end of Cixi life to change the political system to a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament to ensure continued Manchurian rule. Instead revolution happened within a few years of her death.
Author Jung Chang discussing Cixi
(1 hr 15 min)
Sun Yet Sun
Considered the Father of Modern China.
Developed the well-known 'Three Principles of the People' -- often summarized as nationalism, democracy, and people's livelihood.
President of China - Chiang Kai-Shek - 1929
(less than 3 min)
Considered himself the successor to Sun Yet Sun.
He ruled Taiwan as President of the Republic of China and General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975.
When he became the leader of the Guomindang in 1925, Chiang launched the so-called Northern Expedition, a military campaign aimed at defeating the warlords and unifying China. The Expedition was completed in 1927, and a new central government was established in Nanjing.
The Guomindang had risen to power by promising sweeping social and economic reforms. Soon after its military triumph, however, the regime lost its momentum and institutional inertia set in. Despite some attempts at modernization, which we will discuss later, the regime became increasingly preoccupied with maintaining its hold on power, with preserving the status quo and fighting against radical forces, such as Communism.
The man who the moving force of pushing China into a modern industrial nation. To put it bluntly he pushed the Western and Japanese powers out of China. When he felt China was ready he invited them back onto Chinese soil per his terms.
Considered communism the successor to Sun Yet Sun.
Mao did not single out Christianity to persecute any competing belief system received the same treatment. Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism were considered competing ideology to communism and science.
It is hard to find a biography for Mao without an ideological bent. He was either hated or loved depending on how he effected ones life. The author of this video does a fair job and declares when he is stating his opinions at the end.
Chairman Mao Tse-Tung Life & Legacy Documentary Film
Soong Ai-ling served as Sun Yat-sen’s chief secretary after her graduation from Wesleyan College. Married Kung Hsiang-hsi a graduate of Yale University. He served in the Republic of China as Premier, Minister of Industry and Commerce and Minister of Finance. Also served as the Governor of the Central bank of China.
Soong Ching-ling married Sun Yet-Sen. She served as the Vice Chairman of Peoples Republic of China in communist China.
Soong May-ling married Chaing Kai-shek’ and served as First Lady of the Republic of China.
Soong Tse-ven graduate of Harvard University and Columbia University. Served as Minister of Finance, the Governor of the Central Bank of China, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1945 he was the head of the Chinese delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization.
Soong Tse-liang served as the Secretary for Foreign Affairs.
Author Jung Chang discussing the Soong sisters.
A Look at China Part One Potential Conflict with China
A Look at China Part Two Documentary Series on development of Chinese culture
A Look at China Part Three Timeline of Christianity in China beginning prior 100 AD
A Look at China Part Four Century on Humiliation
Open thread all discussions are welcome.