Monday OT: August 12 is International Youth Day
August 12 is day 224 of the Gregorian Calendar year,
Prickle-Prickle, Bureaucracy 5, 3185 YOLD (discordian),
And let us not forget 126.96.36.199.5 by the Mayan Long Count
Today is also known as The Glorious Twelfth in England because it is the start of Grouse Hunting Season, really.
On this day in history:
1687: The Battle of Mohács. This was actually the second Battle of Mohács, a town in Hungary. The first battle was in 1526 and led to the partition of Hungary between the victorious Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Principality of Transylvania.. This second one marked the end of Ottoman power in Hungary and most of Europe and almost the end of the Ottoman empire. The Ottoman expansion took it all the way to Vienna, which they attacked on July 1683. The siege of Vienna wan't broken until the Battle of Vienna on September 12 , 1683, and the Habsburgs, doing business as Holy Roman Empire of the German Nations took to the offensive. By 1686, the empire had taken control of Buda, the old Hungarian capital, and on August 12, they decided to press on to someplace named Siklos. When half of the imperial aramy managed to get bogged down in a forest, the Turks took the opportunity to attack the other half with vastly superior numbers, but that attack filed. The Ottomans decided upon a second attack about the same time as the imperial troops, including some under the direct command of Prince Eugene of Savoycounter attacked with disastrous results for the Ottoman army. The full effects included the destruction, disintegration, and retreat all the way back to Turkey of the Ottoman troops, and the deposition of the Sultan. The Habsburg empire wound up retaking a ton of South East Europe tnd the Ottoman's were never again a serious threat to Europs. About Prinz Eugene of Savoy - he was one of the best generals of his time if not.all European history - worth a look sometime.
In 1851 Isaac Singer got a patent for his modifications and improvements to the sewing machine. The improvements made it easier to use, easier to adapt to home usage and easier to manufacture. Within a short period of time, garment making was fully industrialized which resulted in greatly decreased wages and piecework rates for those dong the labor (as predicted by Mar, dirty commie that he was). This tendency continues, now aborad, with sweatshops and exploitation of workers being the norm. Back in the US, it led to a struggle to organize the garment worker's and then struggles by the organized garment workers, which helped the cause of the labor movement in the US. A side effect was the proliferation of sewing machines in homes and small businesses, with a concommitant growth in related businesses serving the needs of the home seamstresses.
In 1865, Joseph Lister, performed the first antiseptic surgery. Like all new ideas, it ws resisted and took a while to catch on, but, in the end, greatly reduced post-sugical infections. In 1879, he ws honored by chemist Joseph Lawrence who named Listerine after him.
The last Quagga died in a zoo in 1883. It was an odd and only slightly striped variant of the plains zebra from South Africa. They had the misfortune to compete for food with livestock in their natural habitat and were hunted to extinction in the wild. Attempts at captive breeding failed.
The Republic of Hawaii was annexed in 1898 and made into a territory, and, specifically, an organized incorporated territory. Aloha, Hawaii.
Born this day in:
1774 – Robert Southey, poet
1831 – Helena Blavatsky, theosophist
1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, author and playwright
1887 – Erwin Schrödinger, cat fancier
1920 – Percy Mayfield, singer and songwriter
1926 – Joe Jones, singer, songwriter and producer
1929 – Buck Owens, singer, songwriter and guitarist
1931 – William Goldman, author, playwright and screenwriter
1945 – Dorothy E. Denning, computer scientist
1949 – Mark Knopfler, singer, songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1950 – August "Kid Creole" Darnell, musician, bandleader, singer, songwriter, and record producer
1954 – Pat Metheny, guitarist and composer
1958 – Jürgen Dehmel, bass player and songwriter
Died this day in:
1827 – William Blake, poet and painter
1964 – Ian Fleming, spy, journalist and suthor
1985 – Kyu Sakamoto, singer and songwriter
1988 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, painter
1989 – William Shockley, physicist
1992 – John Cage, music theorist, composer, philosopher and artist
2009 – Les Paul, guitarisst, songwriter, inventor.
2010 – Richie Hayward, drummer and songwriter
Holidays, Holy Days, Festivals, Feast Days, Days of Recognition, and such:
Interntional Youth Day
Glorious Twelfth (UK)
Music goes here, iirc, well,
Singer's Sewing Machine
August "Kid Creole
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Image is 2017_08_12_International_Youth_Day-3
It's an open thread, so do your thing
Edited to fix some typos