Monday OT: June 17 is World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (International)
June 17 is the 168th day of the Gregorian Calendar year,
Pungenday, Confusion 22, 3185 YOLD (discordian),
And let us not forget 22.214.171.124.9 by the Mayan Long Count
Today is a very busy day in history and one on which I have received a summons to appear for jury duty and hence might be absent.
In 1839 Kamehameha III issued an edict of tolerance, mandating religious tolerance in Hawaii, and in 1963 the Supreme Court did more of less the same thing in Abington School District v. Schempp. In Schempp, the Supremes declared state laws requiring bible reading in public schools, as well as, indirectly, requiring prayer in public schools unconstitutional; holding that the restrictions imposed on the US government by the First Amendment also applied to the states by application of the 14th Amendment. Ho, Hum. But, also in that decision, they put a stake in the heart of the argument that the government is only barred from favoring a specific sect, the "freedom of but not freedom from" twaddle one still sees spouted by religionistas. The court specifically stated:
"We repeat and again reaffirm that neither a State nor the Federal Government can constitutionally force a person 'to profess a belief or disbelief in any religion.' Neither can it constitutionally pass laws or impose requirements which aid all religions as against non-believers, and neither can it aid those religions based on a belief in the existence of God as against those religions founded on different beliefs."
~~Justice Clark citing Justice Black in Torcaso v. Watkins,
The Statue of Liberty arrived on these shores to welcome future immigrants to this country well before the previous immigrants had finished with their wars of ethnic cleansing against the original indigenous population. The US was still actively conducting military operations against the Indians well past 1885, and war upon the indigenous people by other means was not only conducted well into the 1900s, but continues today. By strange coincidence, Lady Liberty's arrival coincided with the date of two Indian victories, The Battle of the Rosebud, a precursor to the Battle of the Greasy Grass, aka, The Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the Battle of White Bird Canyon. The history of the events leading up to the latter, including the attack by US troops on Indians approaching to parlay under a white flag of truce is worth a look if only because the Nex Perce were also on this date awarded 4 million bucks for the rip-off perpetrated upon them in 1863 that is at the bottom the events of 1877.
Twenty years of schooling and they put you on the day shift, look out kid, ...
On this day in history:
1579 – Sir Francis Drake claimed California for England.
1631 – Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth
1673 – Marquette and Jolliet reached the Mississippi River
1775 – The Battle of Bunker Hill.
1839 – Kamehameha III issued an Edict of Tolerance, allowing the Catholics to practice their rituals in Hawaii.
1876 – The Battle of the Rosebud: Lakota and Cheyenne drove off attacking US toops accompanied by Crow and Shoshone warriors.
1877 – The Battle of White Bird Canyon: Nez Perce defeated attacking US cavalry.
1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York, to welcome immigrants to US shores
1922 – Portuguese naval aviators finished the first air crossing of the southern Atlantic
1939 – Last public execution by guillotine in France.
1958 – The Ironworkers Memorial Bridge collapsed while under construction
1963 – The Supreme Court decided Abington School District v. Schempp
1972 – Five White House operatives were busted for burgling the offices of the DNC in the Watergate office complex
1991 – The South African Parliament repealed the Population Registration Act, a keystone of Apartheid.
This week only I am skipping birthdays except Igor Stravinsky in 1882, MC Escher in 1887, and Wally Wood (MAD, etc.) in 1927.
Likewise I'm skipping those deceased on this date except the Mughal princess Mumtaz Mahal in 1631, and Rodney King in 2012.
Now, as to MUSIC -- those jonesing for a little Stravinsky will find The Firebird Suite (1919 revision) here: https://youtu.be/pHxstiIybz4 and the rite of spring here: https://youtu.be/YOZmlYgYzG4 (4 minute intro).
It is the 17th. By numeric coincidence, upon the death of princess Mumtaz Mahal, her hubby, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, spent the next 17 years building her an appropriate and fitting mausoleum, the Taj Mahal. This is clearly a sign. When this album hit the streets in December 1968 we quickly proceded to absolutely wear it out, regardless of all the great music out there back then.
Image is the author's, taken 03/31/2014 in the Anza-Borrego Desert (note the hare and quail ;-))
It's an open thread, so do your thing