Monday OT: October 21 is Trafalgar Day
October 21 is day 294 of the Gregorian Calendar year,
Prickle-Prickle, The Aftermath 2, 3185 YOLD (discordian),
And let us not forget 188.8.131.52.15 by the Mayan Long Count
On this day in history:
On October 21, 1520, Ferdinand Magellan "discovered" the strait now known as the Straits of Magellan.
On October 21, 1797, the "frigate" USS Constitution was launched.
On October 1805, a British Fleet of 27 ships of the line commanded by Admiral Lord Nelson defeated a combined Spanich and French fleet of 33 ships of the line commanded by Admiral Villeneuve of France at the Battle of Trafalgar. Actually, the Franco-Spanish fleet was annihilated, though a storm played a role in that too. Nelson's victory seemingly fulfilled Lord St. Vincent's Quip to the House of Lords that "I do not say the French cannot come, I only say they cannot come by sea". This particular battle is one of which one writes little, or very great amounts. I'll chose the former course, but will address Hardy's failure to anchor. Hardy was Nelson's Flag Captain and though Nelson had instructed him to anchor while he lay dying, Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood then assumed command of the combined fleet and instructed him not to. It is really that simple, orders is orders and all that. All of the speculation about the impact of that decision is speculative, duh. History has a finality to it, such that we cannot perfectly re-create the exact original conditions and then change a single detail and run the experiment again. There is only one actual test case, and in it, the British did not anchor.
On October 21, 1824, Portland Cement was patented
On October 21, 1854, Florence Nightingale was sent off to the Crimean wr with a staff of 38 nurses.
On October 21, 1867, The Medicine Lodge Treaty was signed. I don't know enough about it to speak on it.
On October 21, 1879, Thomas Edison applied for a patent of his version of an electric light bulb.
On October 21, 1940, For Whom the Bell Tolls was published
On October 21, 1967, The National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam organized a march on the Pentagon. %0 thousand or so marched and nobody listened or cared except those who were already peaceniks.
On October 21, 1983, The meter was re-defined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. This was part of a growing push to redefine certain basic units in terms of fundamental physical constants culminating in the redefinition of the SI bse units in 2019. This (r)evolution in our measurement system also, at long last, resulted in the inclusion of the
gopher mole and one of ur basic units of measurement.
On October 21, 2005, pictures of the dwarf planet later named Eris were taken and later used to document its discovery. Eris was not amused, I mean, even the ncient Greeks knew she could be touchy if disrespected. Damn. GWB's re-election soon followed, and everything since.
Born this day in:
1772 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet, philosopher, and critic
1914 – Martin Gardner, mathematician, logician, and author
1917 – Dizzy Gillespie, trumpet player, composer, and bandleader
1921 – Jim Shumate, fiddler and composer
1925 – Celia Cruz, singer
1929 – Ursula K. Le Guin, author and critic
1940 – Manfred Mann, keyboardist and producer
1941 – Steve Cropper, guitarist, songwriter, producer, and actor
1942 – Elvin Bishop, Pigboy Crabshaw, guitarist, singer and songwriter
1946 – Lux Interior, singer and songwriter
1946 – Lee Loughnane, singer, songwriter, and trumpet player
1950 – Leela Vernon, musician, "Queen of Brukdown", and cultural conservationist
1953 – Marc Johnson, bassist, composer, and bandleader
1955 – Fred Hersch, pianist and composer
1957 – Steve Lukather, singer, songwriter, guitarist, and producer
Died this day in:
1805 – Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, awesome British Admiral
1965 – Bill Black, bass player and bandleader
1969 – Jack Kerouac, novelist and poet
1980 – Hans Asperger, physician and psychologist
1984 – François Truffaut, actor, producer, director and screenwriter
2015 – Sheldon Wolin, philosopher, theorist, academic and fabulous instructor. Once held class on a picket line.
Holidays, Holy Days, Festivals, Feast Days, Days of Recognition, and such:
Apple Day (UK)
Trafalgar Day (UK +??)
Music goes here, iirc, well, With apologies
BONUS Elvin Bishop(et al)
Image is Trafalgar
It's an open thread, so do your thing