01/30 - Fred Korematsu Day
~~ Korematsu by Jeveleth (CC BY 2.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
It's Fred Korematsu Day and I'm gonna cheat a bit by first posting the opening bit from da wiki and highly suggest people read the full article ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Korematsu )
Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu (是松豊三郎, Korematsu Toyosaburo, January 30, 1919 – March 30, 2005) was an American civil rights activist who resisted the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. Shortly after the Imperial Japanese Navy launched its attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which authorized the removal of individuals of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast from their homes and their mandatory imprisonment in incarceration camps, but Korematsu instead challenged the orders and became a fugitive.
The legality of Roosevelt's order was upheld by the Supreme Court of the United States in Korematsu v. United States (1944). However, Korematsu's conviction for evading internment was overturned four decades later in US District Court, after the disclosure of new evidence challenging its necessity, which had been withheld from the courts by the U.S. government during the war. Eventually, the Korematsu ruling itself was formally condemned seventy-four years later in Trump v. Hawaii, 585 U.S. ___ (2018).
To commemorate his journey as a civil rights activist posthumously, "Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution" was observed for the first time on his 92nd birthday, January 30, 2011, by the state of California, the first such commemoration for an Asian American in the United States. In 2015, Virginia passed legislation to make it the second state to permanently recognize each January 30 as Fred Korematsu Day.
The Fred T. Korematsu Institute was founded in 2009 to carry on Korematsu's legacy as a civil rights advocate by educating and advocating for civil liberties for all communities.
In the end, this was all an exercise in futility. NDAA 2012 (Public law 112-81) included a clearly unconstitutional provision allowing the government to indefinitely incarcerate anybody and everybody without any due process or habeas corpus. The Supremes have long ago ceded all authority in security or wartime matters to the executive and Congress has likewise ceded the right to start and or declare wars to the executive. Beyond that, we have obviously entered a time of permanent war, with or without the rhetorical cover of the
War on Anybody we Choose War on Terra.
(Before anybody hollers Hedges v. Obama, please be aware that it was overturned and the Supremes denied cert.)
Mahatma Ghandi, a promoter of nonviolence and Indian independence was assassinated on this day in 1948. It does not appear that the CIA was involved in any way.
On this day in history:
1018 – The Peace of Bautzen.
1287 – King Wareru founded the Hanthawaddy Kingdom, proclaiming independence from the Pagan Kingdom.
1648 -- The Treaty of Munster and Osnabruck between Spain & the Netherlands
1703 -- The Forty-seven Ronin, commanded by Oishi Kuranosuke, avenged the death of their lord.
1790 -- The first specialized lifeboat was tested
1820 -- Edward Bransfield sighted & claimed the discovery of Antarctica.
1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge opened.
1847 -- Yerba Buena, California, was renamed San Francisco, California
1908 -- Mahatma Gandhi was released from prison by Jan C. Smuts
1930 -- The Politburo of the Soviet Union ordered the extermination of the Kulaks.
1933 -- Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1948 -- Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated.
1956 -- Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home was bombed as payback for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1960 -- The African National Party was founded in Chad
1968 -- The Tet Offensive was launched
1969 -- The Beatles' last public performance
1972 -- The Bloody Sunday Massacre of marchers by British Paratroopers in Northern Ireland
1982 -- The first computer virus code was written
1995 – Hydroxycarbamide was approved as a preventive treatment for sickle cell disease.
2003 -- The Kingdom of Belgium officially recognized same-sex marriages
2020 – The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 pandemic to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern
Some people who were born on this day:
War is the unfolding of miscalculations.
~~ Barbara W. Tuchman
1697 -- Johann Joachim Quantz, flute player and composer
1882 -- Franklin D. Roosevelt, you know, the WPA guy who jailed Fred Korematsu
1911 – Roy Eldridge, jazz trumpet player
1912 -- Barbara W. Tuchman, historian and author
1915 -- John Profumo, see Christine Keeler
1919 -- Fred Korematsu, activist, fugitive, internee, plaintiff
1927 -- Ahmed Abdul-Malik, bassist and oud player
1935 -- Richard Brautigan, author, poet, and fisherman
1935 -- Tubby Hayes, saxophonist and compose
1936 -- Horst Jankowski, German pianist and composer (The Jazz Couriers)
1942 -- Marty Balin, singer, songwriter and guitarist
1944 -- Lynn Harrell, cellist and academic
1951 -- Phil Collins, singer, songwriter, producer, and actor
1956 -- Darko Rundek, singer, songwriter and actor
1959 -- Mark Eitzel, singer, songwriter and guitarist
1959 -- Jody Watley, singer, songwriter and producer
Some people who died on this day:
“Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
~~ Mahatma Gandhi
1836 -- Betsy Ross, seamstress
1838 -- Osceola, Seminole leader
1858 -- Coenraad Jacob Temminck, zoologist and ornithologist
1934 -- Frank Nelson Doubleday, founder of the Doubleday Publishing Company
1948 -- Mahatma Gandhi, lawyer, philosopher, and activist
1948 -- Orville Wright, bicycle maker, engineer, inventor, flyboy
1951 -- Ferdinand Porsche, engineer, founded Porsche, made first electric-gasoline hybrid auto
1958 -- Ernst Heinkel, engineer, founded the Heinkel Aircraft Company
1974 -- Olav Roots, pianist and composer
1980 -- Professor Longhair, singer, songwriter and pianist
1982 -- Lightnin' Hopkins, singer, songwriter and guitarist
1984 -- Luke Kelly, singer and banjo player
2006 -- Coretta Scott King, author and activist
2013 -- Patty Andrews, singer, part of a sister act
2013 -- Ann Rabson, singer, pianist, and guitarist
2014 -- The Mighty Hannibal, singer, songwriter and producer
Some Holidays, Holy Days, Festivals, Feast Days, Days of Recognition, and such:
Fred Korematsu Day
Martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi-related observances:
Martyrs' Day (India)
School Day of Non-violence and Peace (Spain)
Start of the Season for Nonviolence: January 30-April 4
Johann Joachim Quantz
The Mighty Hannibal
Ok, it's an open thread, so it's up to you folks now. So what's on your mind?
Cross posted from http://caucus99percent.com