Just winning elections is not enough for the Left in Latin America
Peru shocked the world when socialist Pedro Castillo won the presidential election earlier this year. He came into office promising to fight neoliberalism.
The right wing fought back. A motion to impeach him failed today, but the fight has just begun.
although the motion looks unlikely to succeed, the opposition seems certain to launch other, similar attempts in the new year.
“It’s not whether he’ll be impeached but when,” said Denisse Rodríguez-Olivari, a Peruvian political scientist...
His administration was plagued by controversy from the start when he named a Marxist hardliner as his prime minister.
Guido Bellido lasted just 69 days. Other members of cabinet have gone — a foreign minister quit over his comments about Shining Path, the Maoist group that terrorised Peru in the 1980s and 1990s; an interior minister was axed for hosting a raucous party despite coronavirus restrictions he signed into law; and a defence minister quit in a scandal over favouritism in deciding which officers should get promoted within the armed forces. On average, Castillo has changed a minister every two weeks.
Castillo, faced with a hard-right opposition that will concede nothing, has given ground time and time again, until his own party rebelled against him.
most Perú Libre members of Congress refused to give a vote of confidence to Castillo’s new and apparently more moderate cabinet.
Another huge left-wing victory was the recent presidential election in Honduras of Xiomara Castro. However, the previous administration left the nation in such a shamble that her job will probably be even harder than Castillo's in Peru.
She has proposed a constituent assembly to rewrite the Constitution in order to make it more inclusive, and has said she wants to loosen Honduras’s draconian abortion laws. She has also suggested strengthening diplomatic relations with Beijing. Notably, she has said she will reverse the imposition of Employment and Economic Development Zones, the quasi-autonomous corporate enclaves that many Hondurans consider to be a way of selling off national sovereignty...
“One of the clearest lessons from 2009—both from the coup in Honduras and FMLN in El Salvador—is that executive power is not the same as taking power, capital P,” Goodfriend said. She explained that the Salvadoran right’s control over congress, the courts, and much of the media constrained and destabilized the FMLN. She expects Libre will face similar challenges.
“Our country has never been governed by the left,” he said. “The narrative of the elites will be to blame us for every minute error, and, above all, make the country believe that the crisis we’ve inherited is our fault.”
That is what is happening in Peru today.
But Honduras has another problem that looms even larger - the U.S.
I heard repeatedly that people hope the Castro administration will provide an opportunity for the United States to alter its relationship with the country, which many Hondurans say remains asymmetrical and exploitative. “The US continually dictates whatever goes on in this country,” said Audrey Majomar Lomas, a business owner from Tegucigalpa. “Nothing gets done without the embassy’s approval.”
Kinda puts the "meddling" thing into perspective, don't it? Castro wisely asked for the U.N.'s help.
After forty years of a neoliberal constitution inherited from Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship, the national referendum on a new constitution is finally drawing near. And many right-wingers are starting to dust off their — or their parents’ — old military paraphernalia.
Before the pandemic brought the country to a halt, there had already been violence at demonstrations in support of Pinochet’s constitution. Armed with sticks, helmets, and tailor-made shields (some even had Confederate flags), demonstrators charged not only counter-protesters, but even mere bystanders. The police stood and watched, or sometimes even actively defended them from counterattacks...
In the email, which had the picture of an AK-47 attached to it, the group condemned the university’s secular curriculum. Claiming to have twenty-two men ready for action, they warned: “We shall eradicate you, we shall cleanse Chile starting with you. Chile has changed and you will die.”